China

China is party to the Hague Convention on Protection of Children and Co-operation in Respect of Intercountry Adoption (Hague Adoption Convention).  Therefore all adoptions between China and the United States must meet the requirements of the Convention and U.S. law implementing the Convention.

Chinese authorities are extremely sensitive about the operation of foreign entities in China.  Moreover, adoption is also a sensitive subject in China.  It is therefore advisable for any person interested in adopting a child from China to act with discretion and decorum.  High-profile attention to adoption in China could curtail or eliminate altogether adoption of Chinese children by persons from countries, including the United States, that have caused adoption to become the subject of public attention.

Note: Special transition provisions apply to adoptions initiated before April 1, 2008.  Learn more.

The China Center for Adoption Affairs (CCAA) has proposed and the Department of State has agreed that beginning January 1, 2009, all adoption cases between the U.S. and China will be processed by China as Hague Inter-country Adoption Convention cases.  The Department of State has received assurances that under the new process, transition cases (as defined by the Inter-country Adoption Act), will not be negatively affected.  CCAA has assured us that even though they officially consider all adoption cases to be Convention cases as of January 1, the actual process for transition cases will not significantly change.  Under the new process, as of January 1, 2009, CCAA will send out the same documents for all cases (transition cases and Convention cases).  These documents will include the “Letter of Seeking Confirmation from the Adopter” and the “Letter of Seeking Confirmation from the U.S. Central Authority” at the time the referral is sent.  For transition cases, families will continue to sign and return the “Letter of Seeking Confirmation from the Adopter” but no action is required on the “Letter of Seeking Confirmation from the U.S. Central Authority.”

The new procedures required by China will not conflict with U.S. policies and procedures for Hague Adoption Convention visa processing.  For cases in which I-800A’s are filed after April 1, 2008, China now requires a “Letter of Seeking Confirmation from the Adopter,” which must be signed by the petitioners and returned to CCAA, and a “Letter of Seeking Confirmation from the U.S. Central Authority.”  U.S. Consulate Guangzhou will sign and return this second letter to CCAA after they have received and reviewed the petitioner’s visa application (DS-230) and their provisionally approved I-800.  In Convention cases prospective adoptive parents will receive notice to travel and finalize the adoption from CCAA only after CCAA receives the two “Letters of Seeking Confirmation.”  As with the transition process, in order to prevent unpredictable length of stays in China, prospective adoptive parents should not travel until they have received notice to travel from CCAA to finalize the adoption, and confirmation from the U.S. Consulate Guangzhou that their visa interview has been scheduled.

Updated:  March 2010

WHO CAN ADOPT

Adoption between the United States and China is governed by the Hague Adoption Convention. Therefore to adopt from China, you must first be found eligible to adopt by the U.S. Government. The U.S. Government agency responsible for making this determination is the Department of Homeland Security, U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS). Learn more.

China adoption law is very clear on which types of prospective adoptive parents can adopt children from China.

In addition to these U.S. requirements for adoptive parents, the China Center for Adoption Affairs (CCAA) has issued the following new regulations for foreigners who wish to adopt children in China. These regulations become effective for all applications received after May 1, 2007:

  • Residency Requirements: China does not require that prospective adoptive parents reside in China for a specified period prior to completing an adoption. However, in order to finalize an adoption, at least one adopting parent must travel to China to execute the required documents in person before the appropriate Chinese authorities. If only one member of an adopting married couple travels to China, that person must have in his/her possession a power of attorney from the other spouse, notarized and authenticated by the Chinese Embassy in Washington or one of the Chinese Consulates General elsewhere in the United States.
  • Age Requirements: Both parents must be between the ages of 30 and 50. Those couples who apply to adopt a special needs child must be between the ages of 30 and 55.
  • Marriage Requirements: Chinese law permits adoption by married couples, defined as one man and one woman. They must adopt the child jointly. In addition, they must have been married at least two years. If either person has previously divorced, the couple must have been married at least five years. No more than two divorces are allowed.
  • Income Requirements: At least one member of the couple must have stable employment. The total value of family assets must be at least $80,000. The family’s annual income equals at least $10,000 for each family member in the household (including the child to be adopted). Annual income excludes welfare, pensions, unemployment insurance, Government subsidies and the like. Both prospective parents must be high school graduates or have vocational training equivalent to a high school education.
  • Health Requirements: Both partners must be physically and mentally fit, with none of the following conditions:
    • AIDS;
    • Mental disability;
    • Infectious disease that is actively contagious;
    • Blind in either eye;
    • Hearing loss in both ears or loss of language function (those adopting children with hearing or language function loss are exempted from this requirement);
    • Non-function or dysfunction of limbs or trunk caused by impairment, incomplete limbs, paralysis or deformation;
    • Severe facial deformation;
    • Severe diseases that require long-term treatment and that may affect life expectancy, including malignant tumors, lupus, nephrosis, epilepsy, etc;
    • Major organ transplant within ten years;
    • Schizophrenia;
    • Severe mental disorders requiring medication for more than two years, including depression, mania, or anxiety neurosis; and
    • Body Mass Index (BMI) of 40 or more
  • Other Requirements: The family must have fewer than five children under the age of 18, and the youngest is at least one year old (those adopting special needs children are exempted from this requirement).

    Neither partner may have a significant criminal record, and both must have a history of honorable behavior and good moral character with no evidence of:

    • Domestic violence, sexual abuse, abandonment or abuse of children;
    • Use of narcotics or any potentially addictive medication prescribed for mental illness;
    • Alcohol abuse, unless the individual can show she/he has been sober for at least ten years

Note: Applications from persons with past criminal records will be considered on a case-by-case basis if the individual has fewer than three minor criminal convictions (none in the last ten years) and fewer than five minor traffic violations.

The prospective parents must demonstrate the ability to provide a warm family environment capable of meeting the needs of an orphaned child and providing for her/his development, and an understanding of the special risks (including potential diseases, developmental delays, and post-placement maladjustment) that could come with inter-country adoption.

The couple must provide an adoption application letter that makes clear the applicants’ willingness to allow post-placement follow-ups and provide post-placement reports as required.

Note: In each instance above where a specific age or time span is cited, it will be computed from the time that the CCAA officially logs the adoption application documents.

WHO CAN BE ADOPTED

Because China is party to the Hague Adoption Convention, children from China must meet the requirements of the Convention in order to be eligible for adoption. For example, the Convention requires that China attempt to place a child with a family in-country before determining that a child is eligible for intercountry adoption. In addition to China’s requirements, a child must meet the definition of a Convention adoptee for you to bring him or her back to the United States.

Learn more about the Convention’s requirements for adoptable children.

Eligibity Requirements:

  • Age Requirements: Chinese law allows for the adoption of children up to and including age 13; children ages 14 and up may not be adopted.
  • Requirements for Special Needs or Medical Conditions: Once prospective adoptive parents decide to accept a special needs referral, they have 48 hours to fill out the necessary forms to complete the dossier. Cases of children with special needs who are available for international adoption are posted on the CCAA website.  Prospective adoptive parents can view the case, including the medical and growth records and a photo of the child.  The reason the child is considered special needs is documented and the prospective parents can decide if this child would fit into their family, if their insurance would cover the medical needs, and whether they themselves are able to provide any educational or rehabilitative needs, etc.  After they decide they want this child, they click a button and from that point onward they have 48 hours to fill out the necessary forms to complete the dossier.  The reason this short time limit is set is so that the child is not taken off the list unless the family truly wants to adopt that child.  If the prospective adoptive parents have not completed the forms and submitted them within 48 hours, the child’s name goes back on the list and another family could possibly select to adopt that child. Learn more about health information.
  • Waiting Period: It is hard to predict with certainty how much time is required to complete an adoption in China. The time frames provided in this flyer are intended as guidelines only, and the specific circumstances of each case could affect significantly how long it takes.

    The most recent reports indicate that waiting periods are approximately 40 months from the time the U.S. adoption agency submitted the paperwork of the prospective adopter to CCAA to the time the CCAA gave the prospective adoptive parent(s) their initial referral. Cases involving children with special needs are generally shorter.

    After the referral is sent and the prospective parent(s) accept the child (see the step-by-step description of the Chinese adoption process, below), four to eight more weeks are likely to elapse before the CCAA gives the prospective adoptive parents final approval to travel to China.

    With regard to time required in China, the CCAA has advised local officials to try to complete the process within 15 days after the arrival of the prospective parent(s) in China. The Chinese passport, exit permits, and U.S. visa process can take another 7-10 days after the adoption is finalized. Some U.S. families have been able to complete the in-country process, including obtaining the U.S. immigrant visa for the adoptive child, in approximately two weeks.

HOW TO ADOPT

Chinese Adoption Authority
The China Centre of Adoption Affairs (CCAA)

The Process

Because China is party to the Hague Adoption Convention, adopting from China must follow a specific process designed to meet the Convention’s requirements. A brief summary of the Convention adoption process is given below. You must complete these steps in the following order so that your adoption meets all necessary legal requirements.

Note: If you filed your I-600a with China before April 1, 2008, the Hague Adoption Convention may not apply to your adoption. Your adoption could continue to be processed in accordance with the immigration regulations for non-Convention adoptions. Learn more.

1. Choose an Accredited Adoption Service Provider
2. Apply to be Found Eligible to Adopt
3. Be Matched with a Child
4. Apply for the Child to be Found Eligible for Immigration to the United States
5. Adopt the Child in China
6. Bring your Child Home

1. Choose an Accredited Adoption Service Provider

The first step in adopting a child from China is to select an adoption service provider in the United States that has been accredited.   Only these agencies and attorneys can provide adoption services between the United States and China.

Many U.S. adoption agencies are very familiar with Chinese adoption procedures and may have specific advice for their own clients, such as how best to submit applications to the CCAA or when to travel to China.  In addition to reading the information here for a basic outline of Chinese and U.S. procedures, check with your particular adoption agency to obtain more information about its own procedures during the Chinese adoption process.

A CCAA-licensed agency may submit adoption applications directly to the CCAA for consideration.  A listing of CCAA-licensed agencies can be found on http://www.china-ccaa.org/.  Included with the application should be all the required documents along with authentications and translations.

Please note: Prospective adoptive families must use an agency that is both U.S. Hague accredited and a CCAA-licensed agency for all steps in the intercountry adoption process in both transition cases and Convention cases.
2. Apply to be Found Eligible to Adopt

After you choose an accredited adoption service provider, you apply to be found eligible to adopt (Form I-800A) by the U.S. Government, Department of Homeland Security, U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS). Learn how.

Once the U.S. Government determines that you are “eligible” and “suitable” to adopt, you or your agency will forward your information to the adoption authority in China.

China’s adoption authority will review your application to determine whether you are also eligible to adopt under Chinese law.

The CCAA-licensed provider will submit the adoption application to the CCAA, including any preferences the prospective adoptive parents may have about the child’s age, sex, physical/medical condition, or region of origin within China. The application package should also include a cover letter, written along the lines found at the following web site: http://www.gwca.org/adoption/faqs/p_faq.php?faq=30.

The CCAA reviews the documents and advises the prospective adoptive parent(s), either directly or through their adoption agency, whether additional documents or authentications are required.

3. Be Matched with a Child

If both the United States and China determine that you are eligible to adopt, and a child is available for intercountry adoption, the central adoption authority in China may provide you with a referral for a child. Each family must decide for itself whether or not it will be able to meet the needs of the particular child and provide a permanent family placement for the referred child. Learn more about this critical decision.

Once the CCAA approves the application, it matches the application with a specific child. The CCAA then sends the prospective adoptive parent(s) a letter of introduction about the child, including photographs and the child’s health record. This document is commonly called a ‘referral.’ Prospective adoptive parents who still have questions about the child after reviewing this information may follow up with the CCAA either directly or via their adoption agency.

4. Apply for the Child to be Found Eligible for Adoption

Prospective adoptive parent(s) then either accept or refuse the referral and send the document to their agency, which forwards it to CCAA.  CCAA requires a response on a referral within 45 days of sending a referral to a family.  If prospective adoptive parent(s) are considering refusing a referral they should discuss with their agency the possibility of getting a second referral.  (Please note that all communications with CCAA must be done via the adoption agency.)  CCAA will only accept referral rejections if there is a justified explanation provided.  If the reason for the rejection is considered justifiable, such as a medical problem, the CCAA will refer the second child to the prospective adoptive parents within a month’s time.  If CCAA regards the rejection as unreasonable, the prospective adoptive parents will have difficulty obtaining a second referral and CCAA is more likely to suggest that the parents withdraw their application for adoption in China.

After you accept a match with a child, you will apply to the U.S Government, Department of Homeland Security, U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) for provisional approval to adopt that particular child (Form I-800).  USCIS will determine whether the child is eligible under U.S. law to be adopted and enter the United States.   Learn how.

After this, your adoption service provider or you will submit a visa application to a Consular Officer at the U.S. Embassy.  The U.S. Consulate Guangzhou Adoption Unit requires that a copy of the NVC notification letter to parents stating the I-800 has been sent to the consulate be included with documents submitted by facilitators for Hague case Article 5 issuances.  The Consular Officer will review the child’s information and evaluate the child for possible visa ineligibilities.  If the Consular Office determines that the child appears eligible to immigrate to the United States, he/she will notify China’s adoption authority (Article 5 letter).  For Convention country adoptions, prospective adoptive parent(s) may not proceed with the adoption or obtain custody for the purpose of adoption until this takes place.

Remember:  The Consular Officer will make a final decision about the immigrant visa later in the adoption process.

After the prospective adoptive parents have accepted a specific referred child and the U.S. Consulate has submitted an Article 5 letter, the adoption service provider will then receive an approval notice from the CCAA (”Notice of Coming to China for Adoption”) and will forward this information on to the family.  This document will bear the “chops,” or red-inked seals of the CCAA.  Prospective parents must have this approval notice in hand before departing for China to finalize the adoption. 

With the CCAA’s sealed approval notice in hand, prospective adoptive parents arriving in China may proceed directly to the city in China where the Civil Affairs Bureau with jurisdiction over the appropriate Children’s Welfare Institute is located.

Although the CCAA is headquartered in Beijing, prospective adoptive parents will not be required to travel to Beijing during this process. The CCAA will have already forwarded a copy of the adoption approval notice to the locality where the child resides.  Local Child Welfare Institutes, provincial Civil Affairs officials and Chinese notarial offices will not process adoptions unless they have seen this notice allowing the prospective adoptive parents take legal custody of the child.

5. Adopt the Child (or Gain Legal Custody) in-China

Remember: Before you adopt (or gain legal custody of) a child in China, you must have completed the above four steps. Only after completing these steps, can you proceed to finalize the adoption or grant of custody for the purposes of adoption in China.

The process for finalizing the adoption (or gaining legal custody) in China generally includes the following:

  • Role of The Adoption Authority:  The provincial Notarial Offices, which are administered by the Ministry of Justice, Department of Notarization Division (No. 10 Chaoyangmen Nandajie, Beijing 100020 China) issue the final adoption certificate.
  • Time Frame: It is hard to predict with certainty how much time is required to complete an adoption in China. The time frames provided in this flyer are intended as guidelines only, and the specific circumstances of each case could affect significantly how long it takes.

    The most recent reports indicate that waiting periods are approximately 40 months from the time the U.S. adoption agency submitted the paperwork of the prospective adopter to CCAA to the time the CCAA gave the prospective adoptive parent(s) their initial referral. Cases involving children with special needs are generally shorter.

    After the referral is sent and the prospective parent(s) accept the child (see the step-by-step description of the Chinese adoption process, below), four to eight more weeks are likely to elapse before the CCAA gives the prospective adoptive parents final approval to travel to China.

    With regard to time required in China, the CCAA has advised local officials to try to complete the process within 15 days after the arrival of the prospective parent(s) in China. The Chinese passport, exit permits, and U.S. visa process can take another 7-10 days after the adoption is finalized. Some U.S. families have been able to complete the in-country process, including obtaining the U.S. immigrant visa for the adoptive child, in approximately two weeks.

  • Adoption Fees: Fees charged by Chinese authorities in connection with foreign adoptions may vary depending on the province where the child is adopted. However, for each adoption, there are standard fees that adoptive parents must pay.

    The authentication/legalization of documents by the Chinese Embassy or Consulate in the United States costs $10 USD per document, whether the document is one or multiple pages. The fee is for authentication of the seal.

    The initial CCAA fee is $365 USD, plus $200 USD for translation of the documents submitted in the dossier. The translations can be done in the United States or China, however, the CCAA advises that the translations must be “correct” and that CCAA will “rectify,” and charge for correcting any errors.

    Issuance of the registration of the adoption by the Civil Affairs Bureau, $30 USD Charges for expedited service differs by province.

    Fees for issuance of the Chinese-notarized certificate approving the adoption, birth certificate and abandonment certificate may vary based on province.

    Note: These documents normally come together in a packet notarized by the provincial notary office. The Guangzhou Consulate no longer requests the notarized adoption certificate but still requires the birth certificate and abandonment certificate to be notarized. Many provincial notary offices still issue these three notaries as a package. Additional documents such as death certificates, for the orphan’s parents, or additional investigation is not included in this fee.

    Chinese passports cost $25 USD for the normal 15-working-day issuance. Charges for expedited service differ by province.

    Individual Children’s Welfare Institutes (where the child lived prior to adoption) may charge from $3000 USD to $5000 USD as a combined donation to the institution and a fee for caring for the child. It is the experience of the U.S. Consulate General in Guangzhou that the assessed fees are reasonable based on the local economy and the costs associated with raising a child in China.

    Some U.S. families who have adopted in China have reported being required to pay additional charges of up to $500 USD for transportation (if the orphanage staff travels to the capital with the child) or expedited processing of documents.

    U.S. adoptive parent(s) who believe that they were compelled at any point during the adoption process to pay exorbitant fees out of keeping with the general outline provided in this flyer should notify the U.S. Consulate General in Guangzhou.

    In the adoption services contract that you sign at the beginning of the adoption process, your agency will itemize the fees and estimated expenses related to your adoption process.

  • Documents Required: The following documents should be submitted in the original dossier:
    • Adoption application letter
    • Birth certificate(s) of the prospective adoptive parent(s)
    • Marital status statement - Either a marriage certificate, divorce or death certificate (if applicable) or statement of single status is required.
    • Certificates of profession, income and property including; verification of employment and salary notarized and authenticated; a certified and authenticated copy of your property trust deeds, if applicable(not notarized?); Bank statements notarized/certified and authenticated
    • Health examination certificate(s) of the prospective adoptive parent(s)
    • Certificate(s) of criminal or no-criminal record - A certificate of good conduct for the adoptive parent(s) from a local police department notarized or bearing the police department seal and authenticated. An FBI report is acceptable in lieu of a local police record. This is separate from the FBI check conducted by USCIS as part of the petition process. You can request an FBI record check by sending two sets of fingerprints, an $18 money order, your full name, date and place of birth, social security number and letter of request explaining purpose for clearance to: FBI ID Division, Room 10104, Washington, DC 20537-9700. The FBI certificate should also be authenticated.
    • Home study report
    • Certificate of child adoption approval by the competent department of the adopter’s country of residence, also known as the Department of Homeland Security Bureau of Citizenship and Immigration Services I-171H Notice of Approval of an I-600A petition) along with copies of the U.S. passport(s) of the prospective adoptive parent(s)
    • Each applicant parent should also submit two front-view photos and several other photos reflecting the family’s life in the United States.
  • The prospective adoptive parents should take these additional documents with them to China:
    • Power of attorney notarized and authenticated (if only one spouse will travel to China). In case of married couples, if only one adopting parent comes to China, Chinese law requires that the spouse traveling bring a power of attorney from his/her spouse, notarized and properly authenticated by Chinese Embassy or one of the Chinese Consulates General in the United States.
    • A copy of the I-797C form (I-800A approval notice from USCIS)

Note: Additional documents may be requested. If you are asked to provide proof that a document from the United States is authentic, The U.S. Department of State can help. Learn how.

6. Bring Your Child Home

Now that your adoption is complete (or you have obtained legal custody of the child), there are a few more steps to take before you can head home. Specifically, you need to apply for several documents for your child before he or she can travel to the United States:

Birth Certificate
You will first need to apply for a new birth certificate for your child, so that you can later apply for a passport. Your name will be added to the new birth certificate.

Chinese Passport
Your child is not yet a U.S. citizen, so he/she will need a travel document or Passport from China. The Public Security Bureau in the locality where the adoption takes place is responsible for issuing Chinese passports and exit permits to children adopted by U.S. citizens and other foreigners.

U.S. Immigrant Visa
A Chinese child adopted by an American citizen must obtain an immigrant visa before he or she can enter the United States as a U.S. citizen or lawful permanent resident. After you obtain the new birth certificate and passport for your child, you also need to apply for an U.S. visa from the United States Embassy for your child. After the adoption (or custody for purpose of adoption) is granted, visit the U.S Embassy for final review and approval of the child’s I-800 petition and to obtain a visa for the child. This immigrant visa allows your child to travel home with you.

Appointments for a visa interview can be scheduled using the U.S Consulate Guangzhou’s Appointment Form http://www.usembassy-china.org.cn/guangzhou/acivu/forms.html.  Appointment times are assigned on a first-come first-served basis so prospective adoptive parents and/or their agency representative are encouraged to contact the U.S. Consulate Guangzhou immediately after receiving “Notice of Coming to China for Adoption” from CCAA and before making travel plans to come to China.  Appointment times are Monday through Wednesday beginning at 9:00 a.m.  Parents should expect to spend up to one week in Guangzhou.  This is the average amount of time it takes to complete the child’s medical examination and immigrant visa processing.

On the visa appointment day, the ASP’s Chinese facilitator will hand all relevant documents into the Adopted Children’s Immigrant Visa Unit at the U.S Consulate in Guangzhou.  Appointments will be available on Mondays, Tuesdays, and Wednesdays.

The oath taking ceremony will occur the day following the appointment day.  Each adoptive parent will sign the DS-230 in front of an Adoptions Officer.

The Consulate will then produce the adoptee’s immigrant visa the day following the oath taking ceremony. The visa packet will be available for pick up by the facilitator at 3:00PM the day following the oath taking ceremony. The facilitator will receive the adoptee’s passport with the visa and all other required immigration documents in a sealed envelope.


Please note:
As part of this process, the Consular Officer must be provided the “Panel Physician’s” medical report on the child if it was not provided during the provisional approval stage.  A physician from an approved list of doctors (”panel physicians”) must perform the medical examination that the adoptive child needs as part of the immigrant visa process.  The medical examination can be performed in Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, or Taishan.  The most convenient site for medical examinations in Guangzhou is:  Guangzhou Health and Quarantine Service, a modest walk from the main U.S Consulate General building, located at 33 Shamian North Road, telephone: 020-8188-9513.  The panel physician reports the results of the examination using a form provided by the Adopted Children’s Immigrant Visa Unit that will be given to the prospective adoptive parent(s) and to adoption facilitator.

On July 1, 2009, the U.S. Consulate General in Guangzhou’s panel physicians began using the Center for Disease Control and Prevention’s (CDC) 2007 Tuberculosis Technical Instructions (TB TIs) for the TB medical screening for all immigrant visa applicants from China, including adopted children.  The 2007 TB TIs include new requirements that affect the pace at which some adoption cases can be concluded.   Please visit the CDC’s website at http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dq/panel_2007.htm for further information regarding the 2007 Technical Instructions for Tuberculosis Screening and Treatment for Panel Physicians.

Child Citizenship Act

For adoptions finalized abroad: The Child Citizenship Act of 2000 allows your child to acquire American citizenship when he or she enters the United States as lawful permanent residents.

For adoptions to be finalized in the United States: The Child Citizenship Act of 2000 allows your child to typically acquire American citizenship when the U.S. state court issues the final adoption decree. We urge your family to finalize the adoption in a U.S. State court as quickly as possible.

*Please be aware that if your child did not qualify to become a citizen upon entry to the United States, it is very important that you take the steps necessary so that your child does qualify as soon as possible. Failure to obtain citizenship for your child can impact many areas of his/her life including family travel, eligibility for education and education grants, and voting.

Learn more about the Child Citizenship Act.

TRAVELING ABROAD

Applying for Your U.S. Passport

A valid U.S. passport is required to enter and leave China. Only the U.S. Department of State has the authority to grant, issue, or verify United States passports.

Getting or renewing a passport is easy. The U.S. Department of State’s Passport Application Wizard will help you determine which passport form you need, help you to complete the form online, estimate your payment, and generate the form for you to print-all in one place.

Obtaining Your Visa

In addition to a U.S. passport, you also need to obtain a visa. A visa is an official document issued by a foreign country that formally allows you to visit. Where required, visas are attached to your passport and allow you to enter a foreign nation.

To find information about obtaining a visa for China, see the Department of State’s Country Specific Information.

Staying Safe on Your Trip

Before you travel, it’s always a good practice to investigate the local conditions, laws, political landscape, and culture of the country. The State Department is a good place to start.

The Department of State provides Country Specific Information for every country of the world about various issues, including the health conditions, crime, unusual currency or entry requirements, and any areas of instability.

For more information regarding the Government of China’s response to H1N1 which may affect travel to China please visit the following link: http://travel.state.gov/travel/cis_pa_tw/pa/pa_4238.html available on www.travel.state.gov.

Staying in Touch on Your Trip

When traveling during the adoption process, we encourage you to register your trip with the Department of State. Travel registration makes it possible to contact you if necessary. Whether there’s a family emergency in the United States, or a crisis in China, registration assists the U.S. Embassy or Consulate in reaching you.

Registration is free and can be done online.

AFTER ADOPTION

What does China require of the adoptive parents after the adoption?

Prospective Adoptive Parents must provide an adoption application letter that makes clear the applicants’ willingness to allow post-placement follow-ups and provide post-placement reports as required.

What resources are available to assist families after the adoption?

Many adoptive parents find it important to find support after the adoption. Take advantage of all the resources available to your family — whether it’s another adoptive family, a support group, an advocacy organization, or your religious or community services.

Here are some good places to start your support group search:

Note: Inclusion of non-U.S. Government links does not imply endorsement of contents.


CONTACT INFORMATION

U.S. Embassy in China
Address: Xiu Shui Bei Jie 3, 100600
Tel: (86-10) 6532-3831
Email: AmCitBeijing@state.gov

Consulate General of the United States in Guangzhou
Adopted Children Immigrant Visa Unit
#1 Shamian South Street
Guangzhou, P. R. C. 51033
Tel: 011-86-20-8121 8000; 011-86-20-8518 7653 (Direct Line)
Fax: 011-86-20-3884 4420
Email: GuangzhouA@state.gov

China’s Adoption Authority
The China Centre of Adoption Affairs (CCAA)
103 Beiheyan St.
Dongcheng District
Beijing 100006
Tel: 86-10-6522-3102; 86-10-6513-0607
Email: mail@ccaa.cn
Internet: www.china-ccaa.org

Department of Civil Affairs
No. 147 Beiheyan St.
Beijing, 100032

Embassy of the People’s Republic of China
Consular Section
2300 Connecticut Ave., N.W.
Washington, D.C. 20008
Tel: 202-328-2500

*China also has Consulates in Los Angeles, CA; San Francisco, CA; Chicago, IL; New York, NY, and Houston, TX.

Office of Children’s Issues
U.S. Department of State
2201 C Street, NW
SA-29
Washington, DC 20520
Tel: 1-888-407-4747
E-mail: AskCI@state.gov
http://adoption.state.gov

U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS)
For questions about immigration procedures, call the National Customer Service Center (NCSC)
1-800-375-5283 (TTY 1-800-767-1833).

DISCLAIMER: The preceding is intended as a general guide to assist U.S. citizens who plan to adopt a child from a foreign country. Three sets of laws are particularly relevant: 1) the laws of the child’s country of birth govern all activity in that country including the eligibility of individual children for adoption, as well as the adoption of children in that country in general; 2) the laws of the adoptive parents’ state of residence establish qualifications they must meet in order to adopt; and 3) U.S. immigration law governs the immigration of the child to the United States. In addition, the Hague Convention on Intercountry Adoption, to which the United States became a party on April 1, 2008, establishes legal and regulatory requirements for intercountry adoption.

The adoption of children from countries that are party to the Hague Convention must follow the procedures outlined by the Convention, and its U.S. implementing legislation, the Intercountry Adoption Act of 2000 (IAA). More information on the IAA and the Convention can be found at www.travel.state.gov on the Children and Family pages on intercountry adoption.

The information in this flyer relating to the legal requirements of specific foreign countries is based on public sources and our current understanding. It does not necessarily reflect the actual state of the laws of a child’s country of birth and is provided for general information only. Moreover, U.S. immigration law, including regulations and interpretation, changes from time to time. This flyer reflects our current understanding of the law as of this date and is not legally authoritative. Questions involving foreign and U.S. immigration laws and legal interpretation should be addressed respectively to qualified foreign or U.S. legal counsel.

Credits: U.S. Department of State - March 2010